Capital Region Berlin-Brandenburg
The federal states of Berlin and Brandenburg form together the German Capital Region which is situated in the centre of the enlarged Europe.
The Capital Region is characterised by a diverse structure: The city of Berlin (3.4 m inhabitants), being the biggest German city as regards size and population, with the second largest density of population (3,800 inhabitants/km²) is surrounded by the more sparsely populated federal state of Brandenburg (2.5 m inhabitants and 87 inhabitants/km²). This structure offers a lot of chances as well as challenges. Thus a close collaboration within the Capital Region is a key condition for its sustainable development. One of the main tools is the implementation of a joint spatial planning system which creates the necessary framework for a balanced development within the region. Additionally, the introduction of a joint public transport network – today one of Europe’s leading ones – forms the backbone for sustainable transport solutions.
Since 2006 the Region performs under one label as Capital Region Berlin-Brandenburg. Its core document is the “Model Capital Region Berlin-Brandenburg”, an overall concept which identifies strengths as well as potentials and determines common goals for the future.
Photos: left - Ch. Schlawe, middle+right - © MIL.de
Joint Spatial Planning Department of Berlin and Brandenburg (Gemeinsame Landesplanungsabteilung)
The Joint Spatial Planning Department of Berlin and Brandenburg (Gemeinsame Landesplanungsabteilung) – set up in 1996 – is responsible for regional development and state planning in Berlin and Brandenburg. It is both part of the Berlin Senate for Urban Development as well as the Brandenburg Ministry for Infrastructure and Agriculture. At federal level, the Department is the only federal state authority in Germany being responsible for two federal states in the field of regional development.
The Department creates important fundamentals for promoting growth and developing the infrastructure in the entire region. Thus, it contributes to the strengthening of competitiveness of the metropolitan region both in the national as well as the international context. Along with formal regional planning an emphasis is put on informal planning in order to support regional development and accelerate the implementation of regional policies.
Since the aim of Catch-MR is to develop genuine joint sustainable transport approaches by metropolises and their surrounding regions, the involvement of experts to exchange good practices is crucial to secure a successful implementation of the identified solutions.
The Joint Spatial Planning Department can provide valuable experience with the implementation and operation of a joint public transport association for the Capital Region. Thereby the Department is supported by the transport departments of both federal states as well as the Verkehrsverbund Berlin-Brandenburg (VBB). The VBB covers around 30,000 km², making it one of the largest public transport associations in Europe. Another field of broad experience is joint spatial planning at state level and the harmonisation of planning at different levels (state, region, local).
Berlin-Brandenburg is especially interested in best practices concerning the charging for external costs of car use and increasing the use of renewable energy in transport.