Central Hungary - one of the 7 statistical regions of the country – is composed of Budapest and the surrounding Pest County. The region itself has very limited competences, mostly in the administration of EU funds. Located at the Danube River, it is in the focus of national and international transport connections. It is by far the most densely populated region of Hungary. Its population is slowly increasing, mainly due to domestic migration. In the suburbanization process of the 1990’s and early 2000’s Budapest lost about 15% of its population to the agglomeration belt in inner Pest County, but now its population seems to be stabilized. Central Hungary is also the most developed region of the country. Its per capita GDP in Purchasing Power Standards (PPS) is over the EU-27 average.
Photos: left and middle by László CSALAVÁRI, right by © Bálint Hajtó
Municipality of Budapest
Budapest, the capital of Hungary being the nodal point of international and national highways, international and national traffic aggravates the intensive traffic between the city and its functional urban area. The Municipality of Budapest has full responsibility established by the law on local authorities for public transport and for developing the urban road infrastructure. The main contribution of the city is that we can share our experience in regulating the freight traffic and the first analyses about regulatory measures against private car use in the inner areas of the city. On the other hand Budapest is very much interested in the transport demand decreasing topics and also in the topic to increase the use of renewable energies in urban transport, including the topic of low-energy and non-emission vehicles.
Centre for Budapest Transport (BKK)
In late 2010, Budapesti Közlekedési Központ (BKK, Centre for Budapest Transport) was established as the new integrated transport-organizing authority of Budapest within the framework of the new city management model. BKK, as a new body for transport management was created to integrate public transport, cycling, road infrastructure management, city parking, taxi services and the management of transport-related projects under one big umbrella – modeled primarily on Transport for London.
[BKK replaced the former project partner BKSZ (Budapest Transport Association).]