Metropolitan Region Vienna
The Metropolitan Region Vienna is situated at the Danube in the north-eastern part of Austria. The city of Vienna is only 40 km away from the border with Slovakia. Its geographical position at the centre of South-Central Europe suggests that the conurbation will play a growing role in the commerce and governance of the enlarged European Union. Since 1989, the local economy has benefited from the opening of the borders to Eastern European countries, especially the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary. Service employment is increasing and high-quality public and private services are well represented.
The Austrian constitution guarantees municipalities the right to self government and a right to levy taxes. The planning competence in the Metropolitan Region Vienna is divided between the municipalities and the government of Vienna and Lower Austria. Various attempts have been made to coordinate planning between these two regions since the 1960s. In 1995 the ‘Settlement Concept East Region’ (SKO) was established which aimed to control suburban development, protect the environment and encourage a process of decentralised concentration by strengthening existing smaller towns outside the inner suburban ring. The follow-up project of the SKO is the ‘Regional Development Strategies East Region’ (SRO-Process), with the target to strengthen the basics for a better common planning structure.
Foto left: Vienna City Administration, MA 18; middle: sum - Stadt-Umland-Management Wien/Niederösterreich; right: Vienna City Administration, MA 49
Vienna City Administration, Department of Urban Development (MA 18)
The task of urban development is to provide fundamental planning tools ensuring Vienna's innovative development in line with social, economic and ecological requirements. It is clear that this task requires cross-border cooperation with neighbouring provinces and countries.
The Urban Development Plan (Stadtentwicklungsplan - STEP) is an important tool in this context. For instance, it specifies whether an area is designated as green space or for traffic purposes, for commercial buildings or housing construction. STEP 05 also defines 13 target areas that have special potential and a key function for the city's further development. The Traffic and Transport Master Plan, drawn up in 2003, evaluated and extrapolated in 2008, sets out the framework for sustainable and ecological transport strategies.
Government of Lower Austria, Department for Spatial Planning and Regional Policy (RU2)
The suburbia of the Austrian capital Vienna is the fastest growing and developing part of the federal State of Lower Austria.
The region is increasing in population and employment possibilities. Therefore the necessity of a sustainable development of settlement, environment and traffic is the great challenge for this region. Real sustainability can not be achieved without close cooperation within the metropolitan area. In Lower Austria also public traffic has to be strengthened by denser and more compact, multifunctional and polycentric structures of settlement.
Cooperation on different levels and topics (joint planning organisation, regional management, suburban management, public transport systems) supports the work of the administration of Lower Austria.